The development of the oriental latrine fly, chrysomya megacephala fabricius, was examined at 27. Chrysomya megacephala fabricius, the latrine fly is widespread throughout india and south east asia with many recent introductions in many parts of the world. Jan 23, 2015 chrysomya megacephala fabricius is a prevalent and synanthropic blowfly which has two sides, for being a pathogenic vector, an efficient pollinator, a promising resource of proteins, lipids, chitosan, biofuel et al. Media in category chrysomya megacephala the following 30 files are in this category, out of 30 total. Abstractchrysomya megacephala fabricius, 1794 occurs on every continent and is closely associated with carrion and decaying material in human environments. The blow fly chrysomya megacephala fabricius, 1784, commonly called. Review of its biology, pest status, and spread around the world. Larvae feed as scavengers, and not normally in diseased tissue of mammals in contrast to the very similar sheep blowfly, chrysomya rufifacies. Named to honor the italian entomologist mario bezzi, this fly is widely distributed in asia, tropical africa, india, and papua new guinea. Its abilities to find dead bodies and carry pathogens give it a prominence in human affairs that may involve prosecution or litigation, and therefore forensic entomologists. After they run out of food, the larvae begin to disperse in order to find adequate places for pupation or additional food sources, a process named postfeeding larval dispersal. The aim of this study, therefore, was to observe whether the fat content in the diet effects body size and developmental stage of chrysomya megacephala fabricius diptera. Reproductive organ of blow fly, chrysomya megacephala. Pdf chrysomya megacephala fabricius, 1794 occurs on every continent and.
Chrysomya megacephala biodiversidad costa granadina y. Calliphoridae is a medically important blow fly species in many parts of the world. Chrysomya megacephala fabricius is a wellknown blow fly species of medical importance worldwide. Due to the difficulty of traditional morphologybased identification such as the morphological similarity of closely related species and uncovered.
Chrysomya bezziana is distributed widely in southeast asia, new guinea, and africa. The minor workers are small, yellow to brown, small propodeal spines, and no antennal scrobes. Apr 28, 2005 examination of the puparia of the housefly, musca domestica l. Calliphoridae are considered of forensic, medical, and veterinary importance in brazil because of their necrophagous and synanthropic behaviour. Adults strongly attracted to exposed foods, especially fish, meat and anything sweet, and to human excreta hence the name, the latrine fly. Morphology of the puparia of the housefly, musca domestica. The oriental latrine fly, chrysomya megacephala calliphoridae is of medical importance and distributed worldwide.
Chrysomya megacephala fabricius is a prevalent and synanthropic blowfly which has two sides, for being a pathogenic vector, an efficient pollinator, a promising resource of proteins, lipids, chitosan, biofuel et al. Molecular analysis of forensically important blow flies in. Forensic entomology is defined as knowledge about insect and its relationship with a decomposed human body. Chrysomya megacephala also exhibited a trni duplication, as reported either side of the dloop or large noncoding region in chrysomya putoria junqueira et al. The larvae of this fly species develop generally in carrion or on dead and decomposed tissues 4 chrysomya megacephala fabricius also. Fly artifact documentation of chrysomya megacephala fabricius diptera. Geographical distribution of chrysomya megacephala, by country, with year of discovery outside native range after 14, 47, 51, 52, 58, 60 63. An analysis of forensic entomological specimens by universiti. The uses of chrysomya megacephala fabricius, 1794 diptera. The biodiversity heritage library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community. Reproductive organ of males was dissected to determine the testis in the pupal stage, 3dayold flies and 7dayold flies and observed under scanning electron microscopy sem and transmission electron. If you are generating a pdf of a journal article or book chapter.
Chrysomya megacephala is geographically and ecologically ubiquitous and highly mobile, active whenever weather and climate allow, and unspecialized in its general biology, so that it is unlikely to provide evidence of relocation from the first three sources listed. Demographic aspects of chrysomya megacephala diptera. Geometric morphometric analysis of cephalopharyngeal skeleton was carried out by using morphoj software klingenberg 2011 download link. Pupation usually occurs within the first inch of topsoil or under leaf litter, rocks, or fallen limbs. If you are generating a pdf of a journal article or book chapter, please feel free to enter the title and author information. Mitochondrial genomes of the sheep blowfly, lucilia. With this knowledge, postmortem interval jurnal sains kesihatan malaysia 5 1 2007. Alimentary canal of the blow fly chrysomya megacephala f. The adult can be identified as metallic green or blue with a yellow face. The life history of the oriental latrine fly, chrysomya megacephala fabricius, was studied at 26 c in the. Reference gene stability of a synanthropic fly, chrysomya. Chrysomya megacephala, more commonly known as the oriental latrine fly, is a member of the.
Chrysomya bezziana an overview sciencedirect topics. Bioresources technology in sustainable agriculture. Firstinstar larvae emerge firstinstar larvae emerge in 1. An analysis of forensic entomological specimens by.
Chrysomya megacephala fabricius musca megacephala fabricius, 1784, syst. Nonbiting blow fly chrysomya megacephala is commonly found in dead bodies and is used in forensic investigations to determine the time of death, referred to as the post mortem interval. Wikiproject open accessprogrammatic import from pubmed centralreport on the occurrence of synanthropic derived form of chrysomya megacephala diptera calliphoridae from royapuram fishing harbour chennai tam. Chrysomya megacephala is a forensically important blow fly distributed in many parts of the world and available throughout the year in northwestern part of india 5052. Special attention was focused on puparial characteristics used to differentiate between the two fly species studied, and between other forensically important flies. This fly is implicated in some public health issues. Blow flies are the first insect group to colonize on a dead body and thus correct species identification is a crucial step in forensic investigations for estimating the minimum postmortem interval, as developmental times are speciesspecific. The most important species are cochliomyia macellaria fig. Detailed information on the biology and reproductive. Pdf larval density, temperature and biological aspects.
Materials and methods insect rearing and experimental group stock colony was populated from the wild type specimens chrysomya megacephala collected with the help of sweeping net from punjabi university campus by using goat. New record of the blowfly, chrysomya megacephala fabr. Calliphoridae using light microscopy and electron microscopy. Life table of chrysomya megacephala fabriciusdiptera. Bionomics of the oriental latrine fly chrysomya megacephala. This is the most common member of the genus in new guinea and in at least a large part of its very extensive range. The latter species has become established in the neotropics and appears to outcompete the former species. Moreover olfactory proteins are crucial component to function in related processes. Since this will take a relatively long time, the objectives of this study were to optimize temperature and humidity for the growth of chrysomya megacephala larvae to adults.
Chrysomya megacephala and chrysomya rufifacies are two predominant necrophagous species in taiwan. Egg developmental time and survival of chrysomya megacephala. Sculpture on the minor worker is restricted to the middle and posterior portions. The identification, geographical distribution and biology of the. Blowflies use discrete and ephemeral substrates to feed their larva. Dispersal and burial behavior in larvae of chrysomya. Chrysomya megacephala, more commonly known as the oriental latrine fly, is a member of the family calliphoridae blowflies. Download pdf download all download jpeg 2000 download text. Larvae of the latter can prey on other maggots, including that of their own species as facultative food. Studies on biology of the blowfly chrysomya megacephala. Larval competition of chrysomya megacephala and chrysomya rufifacies diptera. Obligate parasitic flies require a host to complete their development. A synanthropic fly, chrysomya megacephala, is a well known medical vector and forensic indicator.
The development of flies can be influenced by temperature, and species from the same genus usually have different responses to. Chrysomya bezziana, also known as the old world screwworm fly or screwworm, is an obligate parasite of mammals. Pdf the uses of chrysomya megacephala fabricius, 1794. Thus they mechanically transmit human and animal pathogens ie, viruses, bacteria, protozoan cyst and helminth eggs, by. Callipho ridae has reached the continental united states. Review of its biology, pest status, and spread around the. Calliphoridae and reduction of losses caused to the salteddried. Various developmental events were completed by all larvae by the following ages. Introduction the family calliphoridae has nonmetallic and metallic flies ambrose 2007. Fly artifact documentation of chrysomya megacephala. Dead body feeding larvae useful in forensic investigations.
It outlines some of the newest advances, basic tools, and the applications of novel approaches to improve agricultural practices and utilization of bioresources for. Calliphoridae from royapuram fishing harbour, chennai, tamil nadu, india. Larval competition of chrysomya megacephala and chrysomya. Hairy maggot blow fly, chrysomya rufifacies macquart. Calliphoridae and reduction of losses caused to the salteddried fish industry in southeast asia volume 81. Mitochondrial genomes of the sheep blowfly, lucilia sericata.
Pdf life table of chrysomya megacephala fabricius diptera. Larvae of this species have been reported in association with human corpses in several cases 5359. Wed like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Ovarian ultrastructure and development of the blow fly. Chrysomya megacephala fabricius, 1794 references edit ramaraj, p. Biological observations on chrysomya megacephala fabr.
Geographically, the distribution of this species is quite broad, extending from the oriental, australasian, and oceania regions to africa, south america, and central america braack 1991, kurahashi and magpayo 2000. Survival percent of adults of males and females of c. Pdf larval density, temperature and biological aspects of. Dissection of the ovaries revealed eight stages of ovarian development, thus. Unfortunately, previous studies did not look at the stability of reference genes used in c. Report on the occurrence of synanthropic derived form of chrysomya megacephala diptera. During this time, the larval skin shrinks and hardens to form the puparium which is dark brown. Pmi can be determined by taking into consideration the insect species and the developmental stage of the insects. Medium pheidole megacephala is a common species in the pacific with two waist segments, 12segmented antennae, 3segmented antennal clubs, propodeal spines, long thin pilosity, and a bimorphic worker caste. The raw data were the raw data were analyzed based on the agestage, twosex life table, in order to take both sexes and the variable developmental rate among individuals and.
Larval density, temperature and biological aspects of chrysomya megacephala diptera. The development of flies can be influenced by temperature, and species from the same genus usually have different responses to external variables. Examination of the puparia of the housefly, musca domestica l. Reproductive organ of males was dissected to determine the testis in the pupal stage, 3dayold flies and 7dayold flies and observed under scanning electron microscopy sem and transmission. Calliphoridae a forensically important blowfly species in malaysia zuha, r. Calliphoridae collected in north america and notes on chrysomya species present in the new world. Pdf the life history of the oriental latrine fly, chrysomya megacephala fabricius, was studied at 26. Effect of cadmium chloride on the development of chrysomya.
Biology, blowfly, chrysomya megacephala, fluctuating temperatures, gorakhpur condition. Worldwide the blowfly family includes over species and 150 genera rognes 1991. The developmental transcriptome of the synanthropic fly. The sample flies procured from the exposed beef liver were identified as lucilia sericata and chrysomya megacephala up to the species level with the help of relevant literature. This work presents the ultrastructure of testis of the medically important blow fly, chrysomya megacephala fabricius diptera.
Larval density, temperature and biological aspects of. Accelerating chrysomya megacephala maggot growth for. Hairy maggot blow fly, chrysomya rufifacies macquart 2 carrion to search of a pupation site. Report of chrysomya megacephala diptera, calliphoridae in northern new mexico.215 537 389 107 728 1516 1095 284 534 1215 1590 1155 677 1308 278 20 725 604 1523 937 908 1191 412 277 1139 1250 394